Eurozone crisis forces drop in mortgage lending
The number of new home loans fell 2.5% in May to 50,525, with first-time buyers particularly badly hit, according to the latest Mortgage Monitor from e.surv chartered surveyors.
e.surv puts this down to pressures from the eurozone forcing banks to scale back their lending and reduce the number of loans to borrowers with small deposits.
Purchases of a typical first-time buyer property (worth up to £125,000) fell to their lowest level since July last year with 11,307 such loans in May, down 3% from 11,919 in April.
Increasing funding costs and exposure to the eurozone debt crisis forced banks and building societies to reduce their high loan-to-value lending in May, and up rates on new mortgages.
The number of house purchase loans to borrowers with small deposits fell for the fourth consecutive month. There were 5,457 loans to borrowers with a deposit of less than 15% in May, falling from 5,597 last month.
Only 1,213 of those loans were to borrowers with a deposit of less than 10% - accounting for less than 3% of total new loans - compared to 1,434 in April, illustrating it is becoming more difficult for borrowers to access high LTV loans.
After hitting record lows last autumn, rates have crept upwards over the last few months, and banks have decreased the number of loans to borrowers with small deposits.
In the fourth quarter of 2011, there was an average of 6,670 loans per month to borrowers with a deposit of less than 15%. Over the quarter up to May, the average has fallen to 5,421 per month.
This reflects the Bank of England’s survey of credit conditions for the second quarter of the year, which said although demand for low deposit mortgages has increased, banks will be forced to reduce the number of loans for first-time and lower income borrowers.
To show just how far off high loan-to-value lending is from recovering to its pre-2008 levels, there were 39,051 loans to borrowers with a deposit of under 15% in May 2007, almost four times as many as in May this year.
House purchase loans were up 8.7% year-on-year, however May last year was a weak month by historic standards (in May 2011, loans for house purchase were 7.2% lower than in May 2010).
Richard Sexton, business development director of e.surv, explains: “The market has shown real fighting spirit and, for the time being, has stood up well to the eurozone crisis. The effects have been widely felt in the form of higher rates and fewer loans, but by no means has lending fallen off a cliff.
“The panic in the wholesale markets has pushed up funding costs steadily since the late autumn. For a while, banks were able to absorb the costs without borrowers feeling the effects, but we’ve now reached a watershed point where their balance sheets can no longer shoulder the burden.
“Banks have responded in a measured fashion by passing these costs onto the consumer: rates are creeping upwards – particularly on new mortgages – and high loan-to-value lending has fallen. The upshot is it has become more difficult for first-time and low income buyers to get a mortgage.
“In addition to their increased funding costs, banks are also concerned about their exposure to the debt-riddled eurozone countries. UK lenders are terrified by the prospect of a messy Greek exit from the euro, which could come quickly after Sunday’s election. If it happens, the effects will resound loudly throughout the mortgage market. As ever, first time buyers will be hit the hardest.
“It’s certainly not all doom and gloom. Lending levels can’t fall much lower than they already have. But the growth prospects for the mortgage market are tied inextricably to events in the eurozone.
“Lending won’t recover with any conviction until the turmoil eases. The fortunes of the mortgage market over the coming months will be closely linked to decisions made in Brussels, Athens and Berlin.”